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Psychopathic School Essay

Psychopaths Essay


The term "psychopath" is used to describe a mental illness. In 1952, the American Psychiatric Association suggested using the term "sociopath" as a more acceptable alternative. The term sociopath is used to describe an individual who habitually violates known norms and laws. Sociopath is used to describe behavioral patterns, rather than a mental disease. The terms have been used interchangeably. In 1968, the American Psychiatric Association merged these two concepts together and labeled them as Antisocial Personality Disorder. This term refers to an individual that displays chronic and continuous antisocial behavior in which the rights of others are violated. By grouping a sociopath and a psychopath into a single disorder, it is less difficult to diagnose the disorder, with respect to the DSM manuals.

There are various characteristics that can lead to the diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder. Dr. Robert Hare, a well respected Canadian researcher on the topic of psychopathic personality, devised a twenty two item checklist to determine the degree of the illness. The Psychopath Checklist Revised or the PLC-R, provides a numerical measure of the degree of psychopath in an individual. The test measures the attitudes and the feelings of the individual and the socially deviant behavior of the individual. In general, a psychopath usually displays a variety of other characteristics. They are usually egocentric individuals, that show no real sense of responsibility or morality. A sociopath may be charming and display signs of an above normal intelligence level and excellent language fluency. They are impulsive manipulative people that are prone to aggression, hostility, and self destructive behaviors, such as alcohol or drug abuse. Psychopaths appear very normal and collected on the surface, but there is a lack of emotional intelligence on the interior. They show no remorse for their immortal behaviors. This may be a result of a psychopath's inability to experience emotion and their need for excitement.

Studies have shown that there are many factors which may result in psychopathic behavior in an individual. Biological traits may cause psychopathic behavior. A neurological abnormality or the frontal lobe in the brain may be one of the main causes for sociopathic behavior. The frontal lobe controls judgment, self control, and other essential functions which allow a person to enjoy a normal social life. There are also outside influences that may lead a person to display sociopathic...

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Psychopaths are recognized as individuals who are psychologically deficient. Psychopaths do not have empathy based emotions upon their victims and thus they are significant moral motivation sources. Despite having the ability to communicate, psychopaths have a deficiency of perception that involves the ability to acknowledge moral values relating to their decisions and actions. However, psychopaths are not consecutive criminals since their offences are generally not so significant and thus are viewed as social problem rather than a criminal offense.

Behavioral Traits of Psychopaths

People suffering from this mental disorder portray very irrelevant practices especially when they comment the actions of other people. Moral values can be best learnt through taking into consideration the behavioral traits of psychopaths. Initially, it may not be possible to notice if a person is suffering from psychological disorder because they appear to be completely normal. They do not exhibit any sign of mental impairment and their intelligence quotient is above average and thus, their deficiency is linked to the ruthless moral discrepancy.

The brain part that controls the emotions in psychopaths is spoiled, which makes psychopaths behave dangerously. Through scrutinizing the emotional brain part of psychopaths, it can be identified that the level of activation is above normal which makes the psychopaths sense power distinct from normal people.

According to neuroscientists, the emotional brain part of psychopaths produces aversive sentiments of fear and anxiety. This makes psychopaths to lack the sense of empathy on other people. Therefore, psychopaths do not learn from their unpleasant behavior. According to research, psychopaths commit criminal’s offenses four times more compared to any other criminals after being released from prison. Psychopaths do everything possible to achieve their desires without considering how it affects other people.

Impacts of Psychopaths to the Society

Just like any other person, psychopaths have their own likes or dislikes. However, due to lack of empathy, psychopaths lack the sense of love. Psychopaths are not able to sympathize with other people during unfortunate state of affairs.

The distress and pain of schizophrenia is quite small compared to economic and social carnage committed by psychopaths. Psychopaths have significant participation in criminal violations of moral rules within the society. However, not all psychopaths have been imprisoned and therefore most of them live ruined lives within the society. Psychopaths establish a surviving mechanism which fit their rationale which cause discomforts to other people in the society. People like to do fair to others and anticipate them to do so in return; however, psychopaths do not share similar aspect.

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