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Free Essay On Freedom Fighters Of India


Freedom Fighters of India

India, the largest democratic nation in the world got independence from foreign rule in 1947. It was a momentous year in the history of India when it gained freedom from the British rule that lasted for about 100 years. In 1857, the powers of British East India Company was transferred to the British Crown but the Company which was started as early as in 1600 to build colonisation and trade which gradually imposed its rule in many parts of the country, both economically and politically. Prior to that many parts of India were under the control of the Portuguese, French and the Dutch. As the Indian subcontinent had no political unity or unifying force since ancient times, many have come and controlled parts of the country. Prominent and long lasting among them were the Mughals, who ruled most parts of the present country from the 16th century through 18th century.

The freedom of India is result of long and consistent struggle in many parts of the country in different forms. It was neither easy for the country to fight and expel foreign rulers from the country nor easy to unify different princely states, tribes, people fo different languages and cultures in to the idea of one nation. Many people have played significant roles in raising the national movement. Struggles lasted for decades, which finally resulted in independence of the country.

The Role of the Freedom Fighters

The freedom fighters of India played an extensive role in getting independence for the country. The 'Revolt of 1857' was the first war of independence of India. The revolt started as a mutiny by the sepoys of the East India Company. The Muslim and the Hindu sepoys together began this revolt. Rani Lakshmibai, Mangal Pandey, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope were some of the active leaders and freedom fighters who fought in the revolt. Mangal Pandey is considered as the hero in the modern India because he had played a pivotal role in beginning the revolt against the British. Rani Lakshmibai is considered as the symbol of resistance to the British rule and was one of the leading figures of the rebels in 1857.

In 1876, another movement started against the British rule. It was the foundation of the Indian National Congress (INC). Surendranath Banerjee laid the foundation of the party. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dadabhai Naoroji, Chittaranjan Das and Jawaharlal Nehru were active leaders of the INC. It was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who gave a push to the party and raised the struggle for freedom in a non-violent way. His Non-Cooperation Movement was a great success and a stepping stone for Indian freedom struggle.

While on one side Gandhi was following the ideologies of non-violence and peace, on the other there was a group of youth who wanted to attain independence by hook or by crook. These revolutionaries were quite influential in the nation and inspired many. Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee were some of the revolutionaries who executed the Kakori conspiracy. Bhagat Singh, Batukeshwar Dutt, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru threw bomb in the assembly house. After the incident, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged to death and are considered as martyrs today. These young men got ignited after the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who died after protesting against the Simon Commission.

Subhash Chandra Bose was also a dynamic leader in the freedom struggle of the country. He founded the Indian National Army (INA) which fought against British rulers from within the country and in exile, with the help of Japan and Axis forces during the World War II. He formed the Forward Bloc, a political extension of Indian National Congress when Mahatma Gandhi did not recognize him as Congress President despite he defeated Alladi Krishna Iyer, Gandhiji's nominee in 1939 Congress election held at Tripuri session.

There were many other freedom fighters who had fought for the nation and sacrificed their lives.

Role after Independence

With the contribution of these freedom fighters and their freedom struggles and movements, India attained independence on 15 August 1947. The hardships they faced and the sacrifices they made (which even include many lives) led to the freedom of the country. Mahatma Gandhi, who is considered to have played a very important role in the struggle, is known as the 'Father of the Nation'. Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of the Republic of India. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the first Deputy Prime Minister. B. R. Ambedkar became the principle architect of the Constitution of India.

India at Present

It has been almost seven decades since India gained independence and the country has progressed at a faster pace. The nation has been growing economically and socially and is heading towards development. If these freedom fighters had not contributed in the freedom struggle, the current situation of the country would have been different. India, the democratic republic, might not have headed for success. We are independent and free today only because of the efforts and sacrifices made by our country's freedom fighters.


Last Updated on : July 29, 2016

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Mohandas Gandhi's Struggl for India’s Independence Essay

1571 Words7 Pages

Throughout his lifetime, Mohandas Gandhi with great patience struggled for the goal of India’s independence ("Mohandas Gandhi." ABC-CLIO). The world widely celebrates him because of his enormous efforts towards the goal with perseverance and dedication (Wakin, Eric. “Gandhi, Mohandas K.”). Though he faced huge penalties, he did not lost perseverance but he constantly campaigned against the powerful whites (Wakin, Eric. “Gandhi, Mohandas K.”). As he strongly supported nonviolence, Gandhi campaigned to “convince the British of their injustice, and not to punish them so he could win their friendship and his people’s liberty” Social Change. Gandhi's Non-Violence . Along with nonviolence, as Gandhi continuously fasted for long periods to…show more content…

With the usage of nonviolent protests, Gandhi also searched the truth, which would make the oppressor realize the truth behind their mistakes and make a change. This was one of Gandhi’s most inspiring lessons, which influenced many great leaders in the world.
During the course of his life, Gandhi faced many, highly challenging trials, and successfully overcame them. He faced those challenges not with violence but with nonviolence and the search for truth. When he was thrown off a first class train in South Africa, he made a radical decision about fighting for Indian immigrants’ rights (Wakin, Eric “Gandhi, Mohandas K.”). Without violence, Gandhi constantly led campaigns against unjust laws that applied to nonwhites (Mishra. "Gandhi, Mohandas K."). When Gandhi was in India, he tirelessly fought for India’s independence from the whites with nonviolence (Mishra. "Gandhi, Mohandas K."). As Gandhi grew older, he became highly spiritual, was engaged in search for truth, and lived a very simple life (Wakin, Eric “Gandhi, Mohandas K.”). During his stay in South Africa, Gandhi had reached a belly-of-the-whale moment, which became a turning point in his life, and made an important decision about fighting for the rights of Indians (Wakin, Eric “Gandhi, Mohandas K.”). Despite several imprisonments during campaigns, he never lost hope and determination for Indians’ rights. As a representative of hope and perseverance for India’s independence, by fighting

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