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23912 Assignments

  • 1.

    Barbara, P. F., Meyer, T. J. & Ratner, M. A.Contemporary issues in electron transfer research.J. Phys. Chem.100, 13148–13168 (1996).

  • 2.

    Wasielewski, M. R.Photoinduced electron transfer in supramolecular systems for artificial photosynthesis.Chem. Rev.92, 435–461 (1992).

  • 3.

    Ratner, M. A. & Jortner, J.in Molecular Electronics(eds Jortner, J. & Ratner, M.) 5–72 (Blackwell, Oxford, (1997)).

  • 4.

    Davis, W. B., Wasielewski, M. R., Ratner, M. A., Mujica, V. & Nitzan, A.Electron transfer rates in bridged molecular systems: A phenomenological approach to relaxation.J. Phys. Chem. A101, 6158–6164 (1997).

  • 5.

    Okada, A., Chernyak, V. & Mukamel, S.Solvent reorganization in long-range electron transfer: density matrix approach.J. Phys. Chem. A102, 1241–1251 (1998).

  • 6.

    Pollard, W. T., Felts, A. K. & Friesner, R. A.The Redfield equation in condensed-phase quantum dynamics.Adv. Chem. Phys.93, 77–134 (1996).

  • 7.

    Winkler, J. R. & Gray, H. B.Electron transfer in ruthenium-modified proteins.Chem. Rev.92, 369–379 (1992).

  • 8.

    Moser, C. C., Keske, J. M., Warncke, K., Farid, R. S. & Dutton, P. L.Nature of biological electron transfer.Nature355, 796–802 (1992).

  • 9.

    Lewis, F. D.et al.Distance-dependent electron transfer in DNA hairpins.Science277, 673–676 (1997).

  • 10.

    Holmlin, R. E., Dandliker, P. J. & Barton, J. K.Charge transfer through the DNA base stack.Angew. Chem. Int. Edn. Engl.36, 2715–2730 (1998).

  • 11.

    Johnson, M. D., Miller, J. R., Green, N. S. & Closs, G. L.Distance dependence of intramolecular hole and electron transfer in organic radical ions.J. Phys. Chem.93, 1173–1176 (1989).

  • 12.

    Oevering, H.et al.Long-range photoinduced through-bond electron transfer and radiative recombination via rigid nonconjugated bridges: distance and solvent dependence.J. Am. Chem. Soc.109, 3258–3269 (1987).

  • 13.

    Helms, A., Heiler, D. & McLendon, G.Electron transfer in bis-porphyrin donor-acceptor compounds with polyphenylene spacers shows a weak distance dependence.J. Am. Chem. Soc.114, 6227–6238 (1992).

  • 14.

    Ribou, A.-C.et al.Intervalence electron transfer in pentaammineruthenium complexes of dipyridylpolyenes, dipyridylthiophene, and dipyridylfuran.Inorg. Chem.33, 1325–1329 (1994).

  • 15.

    Arrhenius, T. S., Blanchard-Desce, M., Dvolaitzky, M., Lehn, J. M. & Malthete, J.Molecular devices: caroviologens as an approach to molecular wires — synthesis and incorporation into vesicle membranes.Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA83, 5355–5359 (1986).

  • 16.

    Wasielewski, M. R.et al. in Photochemical Energy Conversion(ed. Norris, J. R.) 135–147 (Elsevier, New York, (1989)).

  • 17.

    Effenberger, F. & Wolf, H. C.Terminally substituted conjugated polyenes: synthesis and energy transfer properties.New J. Chem.15, 117–123 (1991).

  • 18.

    Tolbert, L. M.Solitons in a box: the organic chemistry of electrically conducting polyenes.Acc. Chem. Res.25, 561–568 (1992).

  • 19.

    Tour, J. M.Conjugated macromolecules of precise length and constitution. Organic synthesis for the construction of nanoarchitectures.Chem. Rev.96, 537–553 (1996).

  • 20.

    Grosshenny, V., Harriman, A. & Ziessel, R.Towards the development of molecular wires: electron localization, exchange, and transfer in alkyne-bridged multinuclear complexes.Angew. Chem. Int. Edn. Engl.34, 2705–2708 (1996).

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    Sachs, S. B.et al.Rates of interfacial electron transfer through π-conjugated spacers.J. Am. Chem. Soc.119, 10563–10564 (1997).

  • 22.

    Burgdorff, C., Ehrhardt, S. & Loehmannsroeben, H. G.Photophysical properties of tetracene derivatives in solution. 2. Halogenated tetracene derivatives.J. Phys. Chem.95, 4246–4249 (1991).

  • 23.

    Greenfield, S. R., Svec, W. A., Gosztola, D. & Wasielewski, M. R.Multistep photochemical charge separation in rod-like molecules based on aromatic imides and diimides.J. Am. Chem. Soc.118, 6767–6777 (1996).

  • 24.

    Viehbeck, A., Goldberg, M. J. & Kovac, C. A.Electrochemical properties of polyimides and related imide compounds.J. Electrochem. Soc.137, 1460–1466 (1990).

  • 25.

    Perkampus, H.-H.UV-VIS Atlas of Organic Compounds(VCH, Weinheim, (1992)).

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    Marcus, R. A.On the theory of oxidation-reduction reactions involving electron transfer. I.J. Chem. Phys.24, 966–978 (1956).

  • 27.

    Mujica, V., Kemp, M., Roitberg, A. & Ratner, M.Current-voltage characteristics of molecular wires: Eigenvalue staircase, Coulomb blockade, and rectification.J. Chem. Phys.104, 7296–7305 (1996).

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    Joachim. C. & Vinuesa, J. F.Length dependence of the electronic transparence (conductance) of a molecular wire.Europhys. Lett.33, 635–640 (1996).

  • 29.

    Samanta, M. P., Tian, W., Datta, S., Henderson, J. I. & Kubiak, C. P.Electronic conduction through organic molecules.Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter53, R7626–R7629 (1996).

  • 30.

    Burn, P. L.et al.Chemical tuning of the electronic properties of poly(p-phenylenevinylene)-based copolymers.J. Am. Chem. Soc.115, 10117–10124 (1993).

  • 31.

    Hoofman, R. J. O. M., De Haas, M. P., Siebbeles, L. D. A. & Warman, J. M.Highly mobile electrons and holes on isolated chains of the semiconducting polymer poly(phenylene vinylene).Nature392, 54–56 (1998).

  • Do Parents Value School Effectiveness?

    Atila Abdulkadiroglu, Parag A. Pathak, Jonathan Schellenberg, Christopher R. Walters

    NBER Working Paper No. 23912
    Issued in October 2017
    NBER Program(s):Economics of Education, Labor Studies

    School choice may lead to improvements in school productivity if parents' choices reward effective schools and punish ineffective ones. This mechanism requires parents to choose schools based on causal effectiveness rather than peer characteristics. We study relationships among parent preferences, peer quality, and causal effects on outcomes for applicants to New York City's centralized high school assignment mechanism. We use applicants' rank-ordered choice lists to measure preferences and to construct selection-corrected estimates of treatment effects on test scores and high school graduation. We also estimate impacts on college attendance and college quality. Parents prefer schools that enroll high-achieving peers, and these schools generate larger improvements in short- and long-run student outcomes. We find no relationship between preferences and school effectiveness after controlling for peer quality.

    Acknowledgments and Disclosures

    Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

    Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23912

    This paper is a revision of the earlier Do Parents Value School Effectiveness?, Atila Abdulkadiroglu, Parag A. Pathak, Jonathan T. Schellenberg, Christopher R. Walters

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